Resolution of the procedural issues, they said, is more a political question for Congress than a constitutional one for the courts. Constitution should make it clear that these rights are supposed to be equal. March 30,
Retrieved February 6, Section 2 : The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. United States Census Bureau. Inthe Supreme Court in U.
A proposed amendment becomes part of the Constitution as soon as it is ratified by two-thirds of the states, or 38 of Retrieved July 26, Archived from the original on January 27, A majority of states ratified the proposed constitutional amendment within a year.
Oregon : Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the state of Oregon or by any political subdivision in this state on account of sex.
Congress can amend or repeal anti-discrimination laws by a simple majority, the Executive Branch can negligently enforce such laws, and courts, including the Supreme Court, can interpret the intermediate standard of review to permit certain forms of sex discrimination.
This dispute is being fought out on untrodden constitutional ground, and further developments will determine when the ERA will take its place as the 28th Amendment to the Constitution. Retrieved March 17, But the vote was largely symbolic for another reason: It came 36 years too late.
No state vote to withdraw approval of a constitutional amendment has ever been recognized as valid.