Ultimately, expanded, integrated, multilevel approaches that reach beyond the classroom and capitalize on cutting-edge, youth-friendly technologies are warranted to shift cultural paradigms of sexual health, advance the state of sex education, and improve sexual and reproductive health outcomes for adolescents in the United States.
Our work focuses on uncovering complementary connections across sectors to combine the social, economic, and human resource needed to align action for health. The case for addressing gender and power in sexuality and HIV education: A comprehensive review of evaluation studies.
Finally, although receipt of sex education from parents appears to be stable, rates are low, such that parental-provided information cannot be adequately compensating for gaps in formal instruction. Acknowledgments Funding Sources K. Washington, D. Available at: www.
Washington, D. As discussed above, counselors and other school-based health professionals may feel constrained to censor information about condoms and contraception. Moreover, safer-sex interventions may have longer-lasting effects than abstinence interventions.
States should also repeal laws that discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation, including laws that discriminate against couples in same-sex unions, laws that criminalize private consensual conduct between adults of the same sex, and laws and regulations that prevent teachers and service providers from including accurate and nondiscriminatory information to lesbian, gay and bisexual youth in programs of education on sex and sexually transmitted diseases.
To this end, Texas lawmakers should take the following legislative action:. Department of Health and Human Services, which administers the abstinence-only education programs, advises that if a participant asks for information about contraception, an abstinence-only program can provide a referral to a third party such as a health department for more information, but that referrals should be given in response to a question and not as part of the regular program.
Gingerbread House. Sanchez' experience at the health department suggests that Laredo students are not getting sufficient information about HIV. The United Nations Human Rights Committee, the body charged with monitoring compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, abstinence-based sex education programs vs.
broad-based sex education programs in Louisiana specifically noted that the existence of sodomy laws in the United States is a "serious infringement of private life" and has "consequences
Patricia Sulak told Human Rights Watch that schools are limited with respect to what they can say about homosexuality, but that her instruction is that "whatever the sexual behavior is, the best and healthiest choice is abstinence. I tell them that they give a false sense of security about protection against STDs, because they're not percent and that condoms may prevent HIV or not, but I wouldn't bet my life on it.
I guess they can go elsewhere for more information. If your reason for warning people against a consensual act is that they could face criminal charges, the problem is with the laws, not the act :. Congress to enact federal nondiscrimination legislation that explicitly prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity, to bring the U.
A has as its exclusive purpose, teaching the social, psychological, and health gains to be realized by abstaining from sexual activity. Condoms, for example, are more likely to fail and tear during anal intercourse than during vaginal intercourse.
Sex education provides young people with facts on topics they will likely encounter and reinforces the conversation families may already be having at home. However, other opposition comes from groups that are opposed in principle to comprehensive sexuality education in public schools.
Whether these priorities will survive an election year and new administration is uncertain. At the state and local program level, models of sex education that are grounded in a broader interdisciplinary body of evidence are warranted [ 4 , 11 — 14 , 27 — 29 ]. Lindberg L, Maddow-Zimet I. Restrictive "Stress Abstinence" Legislation State laws and regulations requiring schools to "stress abstinence" in their sexuality education courses have proliferated in recent years.